Privious Issue

Volume 44 Number 1 (2013.3)

Special Feature

Organic Materials

Part I. Special Feature



  • 2. Photoinduced Immobilization of Molecules on the Surface of Azobenzene Polymers: Principles and ApplicationPDF(1,789kB)

    pages 1-15
    Osamu Watanabe

    We introduce the principles of a newly created photoimmobilization technology using photoresponsive azopolymers and its background technology. The photoinduced immobilization is based on the deformation process on the surface of azopolymer.  We applied this new technology to  the immunochip which is made of immunoglobulin immobilized and a novel method to attain area-selective and controlled arrangement for colloidal crystals using the azopolymers.

  • 3. Chemical Stability of Sensitizer Molecules for Dye Sensitized Solar CellsPDF(1,369kB)

    pages 17-26
    Hiromitsu Tanaka, Akihiro Takechi, Masahito Shiozawa, Naohiko Kato, Kazuo Higuchi, Shoichi Doi, Katsuyoshi Mizumoto and Tatsuo Toyoda

    The chemical stability of sensitizer molecules for dye sensitized solar cells is reviewed. The interaction between the dye and its surrounding environment, such as TiO2 and electrolyte, is a factor determining the durability of the DSC cell. Our study on the organic dye D131 reveals that degradation of the dye is promoted by iodine and amine in the electrolyte and the decomposition product is decarboxylated D131 (DC131), which is liberated from the electrode and lowers the cell efficiency.

Research Reports

  • 4. Atomistic and Mesoscopic Simulations for Polymer MaterialsPDF(285kB)

    pages 27-33
    Satoru Yamamoto

    A molecular dynamics simulation was performed to investigate the CO2 induced plasticization of a polyetherimide. A mesoscopic simulation method, the dissipative particle dynamics (DPD), was applied to study the relaxation mechanism of surfactant threadlike micelles, and the mesoscopic structure of the polyelectrolyte membrane Nafion. A novel method to simulate evaporation process of polymer solution was proposed using the DPD.

  • 5. Electrical Properties of Polymethacrylate-grafted Carbon Nanotube Composites Prepared Using Surface-initiated PolymerizationPDF(1,330kB)

    pages 35-43
    Kenichi Hayashida

    Poly(cyclohexyl methacrylate)-grafted carbon nanotube (CNT) composites prepared using surface-initiated polymerization showed extremely higher electrical resistivity than conventional polymer/CNT nanocomposites. This excellent property is achieved by the perfect isolation of the individual CNTs in the densely-grafted high-molecular-weight polymer matrix.

  • 6. Novel Carbon Nanotube/polymer Composites Having High Thermal Conductivity and Electrical InsulationPDF(1,144kB)

    pages 45-52
    Kenzo Fukumori, Takuya Morishita, Mitsumasa Matsushita and Yoshihide Katagiri

    Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with extremely high thermal conductivity have attracted much attention as noticeable nanofiller candidates to improve thermal conductivity of polymers. We designed and fabricated CNT/polymer composites at low concentrations (less than 1 vol%) of CNTs having a novel morphology with high thermal conductivity and electrical insulation.

Part II. Highlighted Paper

Research Report

  • 7. Linear and Singular Response to Weak Perturbation in Overdamped SystemsPDF(446kB)

    pages 53-59
    Akihisa Ichiki, Yukihiro Tadokoro, Masaki Takanashi and Mark I. Dykman

    We investigate the enhancement of the response to a weak perturbation observed in two types of systems: an overdamped system driven by a high-frequency external force, which is analyzed by linear response theory, and an overdamped system with random telegraph noise, the response of which requires a renormalization approach for analysis. We demonstrate that the enhancement of the response originates from a bifurcation phenomenon.